Conroe Neurosurgeon and vascular surgeons treat a wide range of conditions that affect the circulatory system. These specialists are trained to diagnose and treat conditions that affect arteries, veins, and lymphatics. In this article, we will discuss some of the most common conditions treated by vascular surgeons.
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) occurs when there is a buildup of plaque in the arteries that supply blood to the legs and feet. This can cause pain, numbness, and tingling in the legs and feet. Vascular surgeons can perform minimally invasive procedures, such as angioplasty and stenting, to open up blocked arteries and improve blood flow to the affected area.
Carotid Artery Disease
Carotid artery disease occurs when there is a buildup of plaque in the carotid arteries, which supply blood to the brain. This can increase the risk of stroke. Vascular surgeons may recommend carotid endarterectomy, a surgical procedure that involves removing the plaque from the carotid arteries, to reduce the risk of stroke.
An aortic aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of the aorta, the largest artery in the body. If the aneurysm ruptures, it can be life-threatening. Vascular surgeons can perform surgery to repair the aneurysm or place a stent to reinforce the weakened area of the artery.
Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that are visible just under the surface of the skin. They most commonly occur in the legs and can cause discomfort, pain, and swelling. Vascular surgeons can perform minimally invasive procedures, such as endovenous laser ablation or sclerotherapy, to treat varicose veins.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, usually in the legs. This can cause pain, swelling, and redness in the affected area. If left untreated, the blood clot can break loose and travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism. Vascular surgeons may recommend blood thinners or a minimally invasive procedure, such as catheter-directed thrombolysis, to dissolve the blood clot.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) occurs when the valves in the veins in the legs do not work properly, causing blood to pool in the legs. This can cause swelling, pain, and skin changes, such as ulcers. Vascular surgeons can perform minimally invasive procedures, such as radiofrequency ablation or venous stenting, to treat CVI.
Vascular surgeons play a crucial role in diagnosing and treating conditions that affect the circulatory system. From peripheral arterial disease to chronic venous insufficiency, these specialists have the knowledge and expertise to provide the best possible care to their patients.