Colorectal cancer, including colon and rectal cancers, is a major global health problem. While this form of cancer affects the large intestine and rectum, early identification and adequate medical intervention may considerably enhance the odds of successful therapy. This post from the experts of Astoria colon and rectal cancer will look deeper into this, such as risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment choices
Colorectal Cancer: An Overview
Colorectal cancer develops when abnormal cells in the colon or rectum proliferate uncontrolled and form a tumor. If these cells are not recognized and treated promptly, they may infiltrate surrounding tissues and move to other body regions.
Several variables may increase a person’s chance of acquiring colorectal cancer. These are some examples:
- Age: The risk grows with age, especially beyond 50.
- Family history: People who have a history of colorectal cancer in their family or who have certain genetic abnormalities are more at risk.
- Diet: A diet heavy in red and processed meats and poor in fiber, fruits, and vegetables may raise the risk.
- Inactivity: A lack of regular physical activity has been linked to an increased risk of colorectal cancer.
- Obesity: Being overweight or obese increases the risk of having this form of cancer.
- Alcohol and Smoking: Both excessive drinking and smoking increase risk.
Options for Treatment
The best therapy for colorectal cancer is determined by criteria such as the disease’s stage, location, and the patient’s general condition. Among the treatment options available are:
- The tumor and adjacent lymph nodes are removed during surgery.
- Chemotherapy is the use of chemicals to either kill or inhibit the development of cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to target and kill cancer cells.
- Drugs targeting particular molecules in cancer growth are known as targeted therapies.
- Immunotherapy is the process of boosting the body’s immune system to attack cancer cells.
While not all instances of colorectal cancer may be avoided, some lifestyle changes can:
- Consume a well-balanced diet high in fiber, fruits, and vegetables.
- Maintain a Healthy Weight: Strive to maintain a healthy weight and prevent obesity.
- Limit Your Alcohol Intake and Avoid Smoking: Limit your alcohol intake and avoid smoking.
- Follow the advised screening recommendations, particularly if you have risk factors.
Colorectal cancer is a major health problem that may be successfully controlled with early identification and adequate medical treatment. Individuals may take proactive actions to lower their risk and increase general well-being by learning the risk factors, symptoms, and available treatment choices. Regular tests and leading a healthy lifestyle may help in the battle against this illness.